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Class: Date

Relationships & Source Files
Namespace Children
Classes:
Exceptions:
Extension / Inclusion / Inheritance Descendants
Subclasses:
Super Chains via Extension / Inclusion / Inheritance
Instance Chain:
self, Comparable
Inherits: Object
Defined in: ext/date/date_core.c,
ext/date/lib/date.rb

Overview

date and datetime class - Tadayoshi Funaba 1998-2011

'date' provides two classes: Date and ::Time.

Terms and Definitions

Some terms and definitions are based on ISO 8601 and JIS X 0301.

Calendar Date

The calendar date is a particular day of a calendar year, identified by its ordinal number within a calendar month within that year.

In those classes, this is so-called “civil”.

Ordinal Date

The ordinal date is a particular day of a calendar year identified by its ordinal number within the year.

In those classes, this is so-called “ordinal”.

Week Date

The week date is a date identified by calendar week and day numbers.

The calendar week is a seven day period within a calendar year, starting on a Monday and identified by its ordinal number within the year; the first calendar week of the year is the one that includes the first Thursday of that year. In the Gregorian calendar, this is equivalent to the week which includes January 4.

In those classes, this is so-called “commercial”.

Julian Day Number

The Julian day number is in elapsed days since noon (Greenwich Mean ::Time) on January 1, 4713 BCE (in the Julian calendar).

In this document, the astronomical Julian day number is the same as the original Julian day number. And the chronological Julian day number is a variation of the Julian day number. Its days begin at midnight on local time.

In this document, when the term “Julian day number” simply appears, it just refers to “chronological Julian day number”, not the original.

In those classes, those are so-called “ajd” and “jd”.

Modified Julian Day Number

The modified Julian day number is in elapsed days since midnight (Coordinated Universal Time) on November 17, 1858 CE (in the Gregorian calendar).

In this document, the astronomical modified Julian day number is the same as the original modified Julian day number. And the chronological modified Julian day number is a variation of the modified Julian day number. Its days begin at midnight on local time.

In this document, when the term “modified Julian day number” simply appears, it just refers to “chronological modified Julian day number”, not the original.

In those classes, those are so-called “amjd” and “mjd”.

Date

A subclass of ::Object that includes the Comparable module and easily handles date.

A Date object is created with .new, .jd, .ordinal, .commercial, .parse, .strptime, .today, Time#to_date, etc.

require 'date'

Date.new(2001,2,3)
 #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>
Date.jd(2451944)
 #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>
Date.ordinal(2001,34)
 #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>
Date.commercial(2001,5,6)
 #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>
Date.parse('2001-02-03')
 #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>
Date.strptime('03-02-2001', '%d-%m-%Y')
 #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>
Time.new(2001,2,3).to_date
 #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>

All date objects are immutable; hence cannot modify themselves.

The concept of a date object can be represented as a tuple of the day count, the offset and the day of calendar reform.

The day count denotes the absolute position of a temporal dimension. The offset is relative adjustment, which determines decoded local time with the day count. The day of calendar reform denotes the start day of the new style. The old style of the West is the Julian calendar which was adopted by Caesar. The new style is the Gregorian calendar, which is the current civil calendar of many countries.

The day count is virtually the astronomical Julian day number. The offset in this class is usually zero, and cannot be specified directly.

A Date object can be created with an optional argument, the day of calendar reform as a Julian day number, which should be 2298874 to 2426355 or negative/positive infinity. The default value is ITALY (2299161=1582-10-15). See also sample/cal.rb.

$ ruby sample/cal.rb -c it 10 1582
    October 1582
 S  M Tu  W Th  F  S
    1  2  3  4 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31

$ ruby sample/cal.rb -c gb  9 1752
   September 1752
 S  M Tu  W Th  F  S
       1  2 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30

A Date object has various methods. See each reference.

d = Date.parse('3rd Feb 2001')
                             #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>
d.year                       #=> 2001
d.mon                        #=> 2
d.mday                       #=> 3
d.wday                       #=> 6
d += 1                       #=> #<Date: 2001-02-04 ...>
d.strftime('%a %d %b %Y')    #=> "Sun 04 Feb 2001"

Constant Summary

Class Method Summary

Instance Attribute Summary

Instance Method Summary

Constructor Details

.new(*args)

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 3416

static VALUE
date_initialize(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE vy, vm, vd, vsg, y, fr, fr2, ret;
    int m, d;
    double sg;
    struct SimpleDateData *dat = rb_check_typeddata(self, &d_lite_type);

    if (!simple_dat_p(dat)) {
	rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "Date expected");
    }

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "04", &vy, &vm, &vd, &vsg);

    y = INT2FIX(-4712);
    m = 1;
    d = 1;
    fr2 = INT2FIX(0);
    sg = DEFAULT_SG;

    switch (argc) {
      case 4:
	val2sg(vsg, sg);
      case 3:
        check_numeric(vd, "day");
	num2int_with_frac(d, positive_inf);
      case 2:
        check_numeric(vm, "month");
	m = NUM2INT(vm);
      case 1:
        check_numeric(vy, "year");
	y = vy;
    }

    if (guess_style(y, sg) < 0) {
	VALUE nth;
	int ry, rm, rd;

	if (!valid_gregorian_p(y, m, d,
			       &nth, &ry,
			       &rm, &rd))
	    rb_raise(eDateError, "invalid date");

	set_to_simple(self, dat, nth, 0, sg, ry, rm, rd, HAVE_CIVIL);
    }
    else {
	VALUE nth;
	int ry, rm, rd, rjd, ns;

	if (!valid_civil_p(y, m, d, sg,
			   &nth, &ry,
			   &rm, &rd, &rjd,
			   &ns))
	    rb_raise(eDateError, "invalid date");

	set_to_simple(self, dat, nth, rjd, sg, ry, rm, rd, HAVE_JD | HAVE_CIVIL);
    }
    ret = self;
    add_frac();
    return ret;
}

Class Method Details

._httpdate(string) ⇒ Hash

Returns a hash of parsed elements.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 4595

static VALUE
date_s__httpdate(VALUE klass, VALUE str)
{
    return date__httpdate(str);
}

._iso8601(string) ⇒ Hash

Returns a hash of parsed elements.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 4426

static VALUE
date_s__iso8601(VALUE klass, VALUE str)
{
    return date__iso8601(str);
}

._jisx0301(string) ⇒ Hash

Returns a hash of parsed elements.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 4637

static VALUE
date_s__jisx0301(VALUE klass, VALUE str)
{
    return date__jisx0301(str);
}

._load(s)

This method is for internal use only.
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 7236

static VALUE
date_s__load(VALUE klass, VALUE s)
{
    VALUE a, obj;

    a = rb_marshal_load(s);
    obj = d_lite_s_alloc(klass);
    return d_lite_marshal_load(obj, a);
}

._parse(string[, comp=true]) ⇒ Hash

Parses the given representation of date and time, and returns a hash of parsed elements.

This method **does not** function as a validator. If the input string does not match valid formats strictly, you may get a cryptic result. Should consider to use ._strptime or DateTime._strptime instead of this method as possible.

If the optional second argument is true and the detected year is in the range “00” to “99”, considers the year a 2-digit form and makes it full.

Date._parse('2001-02-03') #=> {:year=>2001, :mon=>2, :mday=>3}
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 4361

static VALUE
date_s__parse(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    return date_s__parse_internal(argc, argv, klass);
}

._rfc2822(string) ⇒ Hash ._rfc822(string) ⇒ Hash

Alias for ._rfc822.

._rfc3339(string) ⇒ Hash

Returns a hash of parsed elements.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 4469

static VALUE
date_s__rfc3339(VALUE klass, VALUE str)
{
    return date__rfc3339(str);
}

._rfc2822(string) ⇒ Hash ._rfc822(string) ⇒ Hash
Also known as: ._rfc2822

Returns a hash of parsed elements.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 4552

static VALUE
date_s__rfc2822(VALUE klass, VALUE str)
{
    return date__rfc2822(str);
}

._strptime(string[, format='%F']) ⇒ Hash

Parses the given representation of date and time with the given template, and returns a hash of parsed elements. _strptime does not support specification of flags and width unlike strftime.

Date._strptime('2001-02-03', '%Y-%m-%d')
                          #=> {:year=>2001, :mon=>2, :mday=>3}

See also strptime(3) and #strftime.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 4273

static VALUE
date_s__strptime(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    return date_s__strptime_internal(argc, argv, klass, "%F");
}

._xmlschema(string) ⇒ Hash

Returns a hash of parsed elements.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 4510

static VALUE
date_s__xmlschema(VALUE klass, VALUE str)
{
    return date__xmlschema(str);
}

.civil([year=-4712[, month=1[, mday=1[, start=Date::ITALY]]]]) ⇒ Date .new([year=-4712[, month=1[, mday=1[, start=Date::ITALY]]]]) ⇒ Date

Creates a date object denoting the given calendar date.

In this class, BCE years are counted astronomically. Thus, the year before the year 1 is the year zero, and the year preceding the year zero is the year -1. The month and the day of month should be a negative or a positive number (as a relative month/day from the end of year/month when negative). They should not be zero.

The last argument should be a Julian day number which denotes the day of calendar reform. ITALY (2299161=1582-10-15), ENGLAND (2361222=1752-09-14), GREGORIAN (the proleptic Gregorian calendar) and JULIAN (the proleptic Julian calendar) can be specified as a day of calendar reform.

Date.new(2001)            #=> #<Date: 2001-01-01 ...>
Date.new(2001,2,3)        #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>
Date.new(2001,2,-1)       #=> #<Date: 2001-02-28 ...>

See also .jd.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 3410

static VALUE
date_s_civil(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    return date_initialize(argc, argv, d_lite_s_alloc_simple(klass));
}

.commercial([cwyear=-4712[, cweek=1[, cwday=1[, start=Date::ITALY]]]]) ⇒ Date

Creates a date object denoting the given week date.

The week and the day of week should be a negative or a positive number (as a relative week/day from the end of year/week when negative). They should not be zero.

Date.commercial(2001)     #=> #<Date: 2001-01-01 ...>
Date.commercial(2002)     #=> #<Date: 2001-12-31 ...>
Date.commercial(2001,5,6) #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>

See also .jd and .new.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 3494

static VALUE
date_s_commercial(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE vy, vw, vd, vsg, y, fr, fr2, ret;
    int w, d;
    double sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "04", &vy, &vw, &vd, &vsg);

    y = INT2FIX(-4712);
    w = 1;
    d = 1;
    fr2 = INT2FIX(0);
    sg = DEFAULT_SG;

    switch (argc) {
      case 4:
	val2sg(vsg, sg);
      case 3:
        check_numeric(vd, "cwday");
	num2int_with_frac(d, positive_inf);
      case 2:
        check_numeric(vw, "cweek");
	w = NUM2INT(vw);
      case 1:
        check_numeric(vy, "year");
	y = vy;
    }

    {
	VALUE nth;
	int ry, rw, rd, rjd, ns;

	if (!valid_commercial_p(y, w, d, sg,
				&nth, &ry,
				&rw, &rd, &rjd,
				&ns))
	    rb_raise(eDateError, "invalid date");

	ret = d_simple_new_internal(klass,
				    nth, rjd,
				    sg,
				    0, 0, 0,
				    HAVE_JD);
    }
    add_frac();
    return ret;
}

.gregorian_leap?(year) ⇒ Boolean .leap?(year) ⇒ Boolean

Alias for .leap?.

.httpdate(string='Mon, 01 Jan -4712 00:00:00 GMT'[, start=Date::ITALY]) ⇒ Date

Creates a new Date object by parsing from a string according to some RFC 2616 format.

Date.httpdate('Sat, 03 Feb 2001 00:00:00 GMT')
                                          #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 4611

static VALUE
date_s_httpdate(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE str, sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "02", &str, &sg);

    switch (argc) {
      case 0:
	str = rb_str_new2("Mon, 01 Jan -4712 00:00:00 GMT");
      case 1:
	sg = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    }

    {
	VALUE hash = date_s__httpdate(klass, str);
	return d_new_by_frags(klass, hash, sg);
    }
}

.iso8601(string='-4712-01-01'[, start=Date::ITALY]) ⇒ Date

Creates a new Date object by parsing from a string according to some typical ISO 8601 formats.

Date.iso8601('2001-02-03')        #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>
Date.iso8601('20010203')          #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>
Date.iso8601('2001-W05-6')        #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 4443

static VALUE
date_s_iso8601(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE str, sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "02", &str, &sg);

    switch (argc) {
      case 0:
	str = rb_str_new2("-4712-01-01");
      case 1:
	sg = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    }

    {
	VALUE hash = date_s__iso8601(klass, str);
	return d_new_by_frags(klass, hash, sg);
    }
}

.jd([jd=0[, start=Date::ITALY]]) ⇒ Date

Creates a date object denoting the given chronological Julian day number.

Date.jd(2451944)          #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>
Date.jd(2451945)          #=> #<Date: 2001-02-04 ...>
Date.jd(0)                #=> #<Date: -4712-01-01 ...>

See also .new.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 3289

static VALUE
date_s_jd(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE vjd, vsg, jd, fr, fr2, ret;
    double sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "02", &vjd, &vsg);

    jd = INT2FIX(0);
    fr2 = INT2FIX(0);
    sg = DEFAULT_SG;

    switch (argc) {
      case 2:
	val2sg(vsg, sg);
      case 1:
        check_numeric(vjd, "jd");
	num2num_with_frac(jd, positive_inf);
    }

    {
	VALUE nth;
	int rjd;

	decode_jd(jd, &nth, &rjd);
	ret = d_simple_new_internal(klass,
				    nth, rjd,
				    sg,
				    0, 0, 0,
				    HAVE_JD);
    }
    add_frac();
    return ret;
}

.jisx0301(string='-4712-01-01'[, start=Date::ITALY]) ⇒ Date

Creates a new Date object by parsing from a string according to some typical JIS X 0301 formats.

Date.jisx0301('H13.02.03')                #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>

For no-era year, legacy format, Heisei is assumed.

Date.jisx0301('13.02.03')                 #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 4656

static VALUE
date_s_jisx0301(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE str, sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "02", &str, &sg);

    switch (argc) {
      case 0:
	str = rb_str_new2("-4712-01-01");
      case 1:
	sg = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    }

    {
	VALUE hash = date_s__jisx0301(klass, str);
	return d_new_by_frags(klass, hash, sg);
    }
}

.julian_leap?(year) ⇒ Boolean

Returns true if the given year is a leap year of the proleptic Julian calendar.

Date.julian_leap?(1900)           #=> true
Date.julian_leap?(1901)           #=> false
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 2922

static VALUE
date_s_julian_leap_p(VALUE klass, VALUE y)
{
    VALUE nth;
    int ry;

    check_numeric(y, "year");
    decode_year(y, +1, &nth, &ry);
    return f_boolcast(c_julian_leap_p(ry));
}

.gregorian_leap?(year) ⇒ Boolean .leap?(year) ⇒ Boolean
Also known as: .gregorian_leap?

Returns true if the given year is a leap year of the proleptic Gregorian calendar.

Date.gregorian_leap?(1900)        #=> false
Date.gregorian_leap?(2000)        #=> true
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 2944

static VALUE
date_s_gregorian_leap_p(VALUE klass, VALUE y)
{
    VALUE nth;
    int ry;

    check_numeric(y, "year");
    decode_year(y, -1, &nth, &ry);
    return f_boolcast(c_gregorian_leap_p(ry));
}

.new!(*args)

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 3091

static VALUE
date_s_new_bang(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE ajd, of, sg, nth, sf;
    int jd, df, rof;
    double rsg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "03", &ajd, &of, &sg);

    switch (argc) {
      case 0:
	ajd = INT2FIX(0);
      case 1:
	of = INT2FIX(0);
      case 2:
	sg = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    }

    old_to_new(ajd, of, sg,
	       &nth, &jd, &df, &sf, &rof, &rsg);

    if (!df && f_zero_p(sf) && !rof)
	return d_simple_new_internal(klass,
				     nth, jd,
				     rsg,
				     0, 0, 0,
				     HAVE_JD);
    else
	return d_complex_new_internal(klass,
				      nth, jd,
				      df, sf,
				      rof, rsg,
				      0, 0, 0,
				      0, 0, 0,
				      HAVE_JD | HAVE_DF);
}

.nth_kday(*args)

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 3593

static VALUE
date_s_nth_kday(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE vy, vm, vn, vk, vsg, y, fr, fr2, ret;
    int m, n, k;
    double sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "05", &vy, &vm, &vn, &vk, &vsg);

    y = INT2FIX(-4712);
    m = 1;
    n = 1;
    k = 1;
    fr2 = INT2FIX(0);
    sg = DEFAULT_SG;

    switch (argc) {
      case 5:
	val2sg(vsg, sg);
      case 4:
	num2int_with_frac(k, positive_inf);
      case 3:
	n = NUM2INT(vn);
      case 2:
	m = NUM2INT(vm);
      case 1:
	y = vy;
    }

    {
	VALUE nth;
	int ry, rm, rn, rk, rjd, ns;

	if (!valid_nth_kday_p(y, m, n, k, sg,
			      &nth, &ry,
			      &rm, &rn, &rk, &rjd,
			      &ns))
	    rb_raise(eDateError, "invalid date");

	ret = d_simple_new_internal(klass,
				    nth, rjd,
				    sg,
				    0, 0, 0,
				    HAVE_JD);
    }
    add_frac();
    return ret;
}

.ordinal([year=-4712[, yday=1[, start=Date::ITALY]]]) ⇒ Date

Creates a date object denoting the given ordinal date.

The day of year should be a negative or a positive number (as a relative day from the end of year when negative). It should not be zero.

Date.ordinal(2001)        #=> #<Date: 2001-01-01 ...>
Date.ordinal(2001,34)     #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>
Date.ordinal(2001,-1)     #=> #<Date: 2001-12-31 ...>

See also .jd and .new.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 3340

static VALUE
date_s_ordinal(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE vy, vd, vsg, y, fr, fr2, ret;
    int d;
    double sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "03", &vy, &vd, &vsg);

    y = INT2FIX(-4712);
    d = 1;
    fr2 = INT2FIX(0);
    sg = DEFAULT_SG;

    switch (argc) {
      case 3:
	val2sg(vsg, sg);
      case 2:
        check_numeric(vd, "yday");
	num2int_with_frac(d, positive_inf);
      case 1:
        check_numeric(vy, "year");
	y = vy;
    }

    {
	VALUE nth;
	int ry, rd, rjd, ns;

	if (!valid_ordinal_p(y, d, sg,
			     &nth, &ry,
			     &rd, &rjd,
			     &ns))
	    rb_raise(eDateError, "invalid date");

	ret = d_simple_new_internal(klass,
				     nth, rjd,
				     sg,
				     0, 0, 0,
				     HAVE_JD);
    }
    add_frac();
    return ret;
}

.parse(string='-4712-01-01'[, comp=true[, start=Date::ITALY]]) ⇒ Date

Parses the given representation of date and time, and creates a date object.

This method **does not** function as a validator. If the input string does not match valid formats strictly, you may get a cryptic result. Should consider to use .strptime instead of this method as possible.

If the optional second argument is true and the detected year is in the range “00” to “99”, considers the year a 2-digit form and makes it full.

Date.parse('2001-02-03')          #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>
Date.parse('20010203')            #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>
Date.parse('3rd Feb 2001')        #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 4387

static VALUE
date_s_parse(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE str, comp, sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "03", &str, &comp, &sg);

    switch (argc) {
      case 0:
	str = rb_str_new2("-4712-01-01");
      case 1:
	comp = Qtrue;
      case 2:
	sg = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    }

    {
	VALUE argv2[2], hash;

	argv2[0] = str;
	argv2[1] = comp;
	hash = date_s__parse(2, argv2, klass);
	return d_new_by_frags(klass, hash, sg);
    }
}

.rfc2822(string='Mon, 1 Jan -4712 00:00:00 +0000'[, start=Date::ITALY]) ⇒ Date .rfc822(string='Mon, 1 Jan -4712 00:00:00 +0000'[, start=Date::ITALY]) ⇒ Date

Alias for .rfc822.

.rfc3339(string='-4712-01-01T00:00:00+00:00'[, start=Date::ITALY]) ⇒ Date

Creates a new Date object by parsing from a string according to some typical RFC 3339 formats.

Date.rfc3339('2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00') #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 4484

static VALUE
date_s_rfc3339(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE str, sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "02", &str, &sg);

    switch (argc) {
      case 0:
	str = rb_str_new2("-4712-01-01T00:00:00+00:00");
      case 1:
	sg = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    }

    {
	VALUE hash = date_s__rfc3339(klass, str);
	return d_new_by_frags(klass, hash, sg);
    }
}

.rfc2822(string='Mon, 1 Jan -4712 00:00:00 +0000'[, start=Date::ITALY]) ⇒ Date .rfc822(string='Mon, 1 Jan -4712 00:00:00 +0000'[, start=Date::ITALY]) ⇒ Date
Also known as: .rfc2822

Creates a new Date object by parsing from a string according to some typical RFC 2822 formats.

Date.rfc2822('Sat, 3 Feb 2001 00:00:00 +0000')
                                          #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 4569

static VALUE
date_s_rfc2822(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE str, sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "02", &str, &sg);

    switch (argc) {
      case 0:
	str = rb_str_new2("Mon, 1 Jan -4712 00:00:00 +0000");
      case 1:
	sg = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    }

    {
	VALUE hash = date_s__rfc2822(klass, str);
	return d_new_by_frags(klass, hash, sg);
    }
}

.strptime([string='-4712-01-01'[, format='%F'[, start=Date::ITALY]]]) ⇒ Date

Parses the given representation of date and time with the given template, and creates a date object. strptime does not support specification of flags and width unlike strftime.

Date.strptime('2001-02-03', '%Y-%m-%d')   #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>
Date.strptime('03-02-2001', '%d-%m-%Y')   #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>
Date.strptime('2001-034', '%Y-%j')        #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>
Date.strptime('2001-W05-6', '%G-W%V-%u')  #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>
Date.strptime('2001 04 6', '%Y %U %w')    #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>
Date.strptime('2001 05 6', '%Y %W %u')    #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>
Date.strptime('sat3feb01', '%a%d%b%y')    #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>

See also strptime(3) and #strftime.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 4297

static VALUE
date_s_strptime(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE str, fmt, sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "03", &str, &fmt, &sg);

    switch (argc) {
      case 0:
	str = rb_str_new2("-4712-01-01");
      case 1:
	fmt = rb_str_new2("%F");
      case 2:
	sg = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    }

    {
	VALUE argv2[2], hash;

	argv2[0] = str;
	argv2[1] = fmt;
	hash = date_s__strptime(2, argv2, klass);
	return d_new_by_frags(klass, hash, sg);
    }
}

.test_all

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 9044

static VALUE
date_s_test_all(VALUE klass)
{
    if (date_s_test_civil(klass) == Qfalse)
	return Qfalse;
    if (date_s_test_ordinal(klass) == Qfalse)
	return Qfalse;
    if (date_s_test_commercial(klass) == Qfalse)
	return Qfalse;
    if (date_s_test_weeknum(klass) == Qfalse)
	return Qfalse;
    if (date_s_test_nth_kday(klass) == Qfalse)
	return Qfalse;
    if (date_s_test_unit_conv(klass) == Qfalse)
	return Qfalse;
    return Qtrue;
}

.test_civil

tests

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 8793

static VALUE
date_s_test_civil(VALUE klass)
{
    if (!test_civil(MIN_JD, MIN_JD + 366, GREGORIAN))
	return Qfalse;
    if (!test_civil(2305814, 2598007, GREGORIAN))
	return Qfalse;
    if (!test_civil(MAX_JD - 366, MAX_JD, GREGORIAN))
	return Qfalse;

    if (!test_civil(MIN_JD, MIN_JD + 366, ITALY))
	return Qfalse;
    if (!test_civil(2305814, 2598007, ITALY))
	return Qfalse;
    if (!test_civil(MAX_JD - 366, MAX_JD, ITALY))
	return Qfalse;

    return Qtrue;
}

.test_commercial

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 8873

static VALUE
date_s_test_commercial(VALUE klass)
{
    if (!test_commercial(MIN_JD, MIN_JD + 366, GREGORIAN))
	return Qfalse;
    if (!test_commercial(2305814, 2598007, GREGORIAN))
	return Qfalse;
    if (!test_commercial(MAX_JD - 366, MAX_JD, GREGORIAN))
	return Qfalse;

    if (!test_commercial(MIN_JD, MIN_JD + 366, ITALY))
	return Qfalse;
    if (!test_commercial(2305814, 2598007, ITALY))
	return Qfalse;
    if (!test_commercial(MAX_JD - 366, MAX_JD, ITALY))
	return Qfalse;

    return Qtrue;
}

.test_nth_kday

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 8957

static VALUE
date_s_test_nth_kday(VALUE klass)
{
    if (!test_nth_kday(MIN_JD, MIN_JD + 366, GREGORIAN))
	return Qfalse;
    if (!test_nth_kday(2305814, 2598007, GREGORIAN))
	return Qfalse;
    if (!test_nth_kday(MAX_JD - 366, MAX_JD, GREGORIAN))
	return Qfalse;

    if (!test_nth_kday(MIN_JD, MIN_JD + 366, ITALY))
	return Qfalse;
    if (!test_nth_kday(2305814, 2598007, ITALY))
	return Qfalse;
    if (!test_nth_kday(MAX_JD - 366, MAX_JD, ITALY))
	return Qfalse;

    return Qtrue;
}

.test_ordinal

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 8833

static VALUE
date_s_test_ordinal(VALUE klass)
{
    if (!test_ordinal(MIN_JD, MIN_JD + 366, GREGORIAN))
	return Qfalse;
    if (!test_ordinal(2305814, 2598007, GREGORIAN))
	return Qfalse;
    if (!test_ordinal(MAX_JD - 366, MAX_JD, GREGORIAN))
	return Qfalse;

    if (!test_ordinal(MIN_JD, MIN_JD + 366, ITALY))
	return Qfalse;
    if (!test_ordinal(2305814, 2598007, ITALY))
	return Qfalse;
    if (!test_ordinal(MAX_JD - 366, MAX_JD, ITALY))
	return Qfalse;

    return Qtrue;
}

.test_unit_conv

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 9030

static VALUE
date_s_test_unit_conv(VALUE klass)
{
    if (!test_unit_v2v_iter(sec_to_day, day_to_sec))
	return Qfalse;
    if (!test_unit_v2v_iter(ms_to_sec, sec_to_ms))
	return Qfalse;
    if (!test_unit_v2v_iter(ns_to_day, day_to_ns))
	return Qfalse;
    if (!test_unit_v2v_iter(ns_to_sec, sec_to_ns))
	return Qfalse;
    return Qtrue;
}

.test_weeknum

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 8913

static VALUE
date_s_test_weeknum(VALUE klass)
{
    int f;

    for (f = 0; f <= 1; f++) {
	if (!test_weeknum(MIN_JD, MIN_JD + 366, f, GREGORIAN))
	    return Qfalse;
	if (!test_weeknum(2305814, 2598007, f, GREGORIAN))
	    return Qfalse;
	if (!test_weeknum(MAX_JD - 366, MAX_JD, f, GREGORIAN))
	    return Qfalse;

	if (!test_weeknum(MIN_JD, MIN_JD + 366, f, ITALY))
	    return Qfalse;
	if (!test_weeknum(2305814, 2598007, f, ITALY))
	    return Qfalse;
	if (!test_weeknum(MAX_JD - 366, MAX_JD, f, ITALY))
	    return Qfalse;
    }

    return Qtrue;
}

.today([start = Date::ITALY]) ⇒ Date

Creates a date object denoting the present day.

Date.today   #=> #<Date: 2011-06-11 ...>
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 3673

static VALUE
date_s_today(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE vsg, nth, ret;
    double sg;
    time_t t;
    struct tm tm;
    int y, ry, m, d;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", &vsg);

    if (argc < 1)
	sg = DEFAULT_SG;
    else
	val2sg(vsg, sg);

    if (time(&t) == -1)
	rb_sys_fail("time");
    tzset();
    if (!localtime_r(&t, &tm))
	rb_sys_fail("localtime");

    y = tm.tm_year + 1900;
    m = tm.tm_mon + 1;
    d = tm.tm_mday;

    decode_year(INT2FIX(y), -1, &nth, &ry);

    ret = d_simple_new_internal(klass,
				nth, 0,
				GREGORIAN,
				ry, m, d,
				HAVE_CIVIL);
    {
	get_d1(ret);
	set_sg(dat, sg);
    }
    return ret;
}

.valid_civil?(year, month, mday[, start=Date::ITALY]) ⇒ Boolean .valid_date?(year, month, mday[, start=Date::ITALY]) ⇒ Boolean

Alias for .valid_date?.

.valid_commercial?(cwyear, cweek, cwday[, start=Date::ITALY]) ⇒ Boolean

Returns true if the given week date is valid, and false if not.

Date.valid_commercial?(2001,5,6)  #=> true
Date.valid_commercial?(2001,5,8)  #=> false

See also .jd and .commercial.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 2736

static VALUE
date_s_valid_commercial_p(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE vy, vw, vd, vsg;
    VALUE argv2[4];

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "31", &vy, &vw, &vd, &vsg);

    RETURN_FALSE_UNLESS_NUMERIC(vy);
    RETURN_FALSE_UNLESS_NUMERIC(vw);
    RETURN_FALSE_UNLESS_NUMERIC(vd);
    argv2[0] = vy;
    argv2[1] = vw;
    argv2[2] = vd;
    if (argc < 4)
	argv2[3] = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    else
	argv2[3] = vsg;

    if (NIL_P(valid_commercial_sub(4, argv2, klass, 0)))
	return Qfalse;
    return Qtrue;
}

.valid_civil?(year, month, mday[, start=Date::ITALY]) ⇒ Boolean .valid_date?(year, month, mday[, start=Date::ITALY]) ⇒ Boolean
Also known as: .valid_civil?

Returns true if the given calendar date is valid, and false if not. Valid in this context is whether the arguments passed to this method would be accepted by .new.

Date.valid_date?(2001,2,3)        #=> true
Date.valid_date?(2001,2,29)       #=> false
Date.valid_date?(2001,2,-1)       #=> true

See also .jd and .civil.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 2568

static VALUE
date_s_valid_civil_p(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE vy, vm, vd, vsg;
    VALUE argv2[4];

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "31", &vy, &vm, &vd, &vsg);

    RETURN_FALSE_UNLESS_NUMERIC(vy);
    RETURN_FALSE_UNLESS_NUMERIC(vm);
    RETURN_FALSE_UNLESS_NUMERIC(vd);
    argv2[0] = vy;
    argv2[1] = vm;
    argv2[2] = vd;
    if (argc < 4)
	argv2[3] = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    else
	argv2[3] = vsg;

    if (NIL_P(valid_civil_sub(4, argv2, klass, 0)))
	return Qfalse;
    return Qtrue;
}

.valid_jd?(jd[, start=Date::ITALY]) ⇒ Boolean

Just returns true. It's nonsense, but is for symmetry.

Date.valid_jd?(2451944)           #=> true

See also .jd.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 2475

static VALUE
date_s_valid_jd_p(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE vjd, vsg;
    VALUE argv2[2];

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "11", &vjd, &vsg);

    RETURN_FALSE_UNLESS_NUMERIC(vjd);
    argv2[0] = vjd;
    if (argc < 2)
	argv2[1] = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    else
	argv2[1] = vsg;

    if (NIL_P(valid_jd_sub(2, argv2, klass, 0)))
	return Qfalse;
    return Qtrue;
}

.valid_ordinal?(year, yday[, start=Date::ITALY]) ⇒ Boolean

Returns true if the given ordinal date is valid, and false if not.

Date.valid_ordinal?(2001,34)      #=> true
Date.valid_ordinal?(2001,366)     #=> false

See also .jd and .ordinal.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 2652

static VALUE
date_s_valid_ordinal_p(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE vy, vd, vsg;
    VALUE argv2[3];

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "21", &vy, &vd, &vsg);

    RETURN_FALSE_UNLESS_NUMERIC(vy);
    RETURN_FALSE_UNLESS_NUMERIC(vd);
    argv2[0] = vy;
    argv2[1] = vd;
    if (argc < 3)
	argv2[2] = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    else
	argv2[2] = vsg;

    if (NIL_P(valid_ordinal_sub(3, argv2, klass, 0)))
	return Qfalse;
    return Qtrue;
}

.weeknum(*args)

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 3544

static VALUE
date_s_weeknum(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE vy, vw, vd, vf, vsg, y, fr, fr2, ret;
    int w, d, f;
    double sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "05", &vy, &vw, &vd, &vf, &vsg);

    y = INT2FIX(-4712);
    w = 0;
    d = 1;
    f = 0;
    fr2 = INT2FIX(0);
    sg = DEFAULT_SG;

    switch (argc) {
      case 5:
	val2sg(vsg, sg);
      case 4:
	f = NUM2INT(vf);
      case 3:
	num2int_with_frac(d, positive_inf);
      case 2:
	w = NUM2INT(vw);
      case 1:
	y = vy;
    }

    {
	VALUE nth;
	int ry, rw, rd, rjd, ns;

	if (!valid_weeknum_p(y, w, d, f, sg,
			     &nth, &ry,
			     &rw, &rd, &rjd,
			     &ns))
	    rb_raise(eDateError, "invalid date");

	ret = d_simple_new_internal(klass,
				    nth, rjd,
				    sg,
				    0, 0, 0,
				    HAVE_JD);
    }
    add_frac();
    return ret;
}

.xmlschema(string='-4712-01-01'[, start=Date::ITALY]) ⇒ Date

Creates a new Date object by parsing from a string according to some typical XML Schema formats.

Date.xmlschema('2001-02-03')      #=> #<Date: 2001-02-03 ...>
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 4525

static VALUE
date_s_xmlschema(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE str, sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "02", &str, &sg);

    switch (argc) {
      case 0:
	str = rb_str_new2("-4712-01-01");
      case 1:
	sg = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    }

    {
	VALUE hash = date_s__xmlschema(klass, str);
	return d_new_by_frags(klass, hash, sg);
    }
}

Instance Attribute Details

#friday?Boolean (readonly)

Returns true if the date is Friday.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 5172

static VALUE
d_lite_friday_p(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return f_boolcast(m_wday(dat) == 5);
}

#gregorianDate (readonly)

This method is equivalent to new_start(Date::GREGORIAN).

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 5497

static VALUE
d_lite_gregorian(VALUE self)
{
    return dup_obj_with_new_start(self, GREGORIAN);
}

#gregorian?Boolean (readonly)

Returns true if the date is on or after the day of calendar reform.

Date.new(1582,10,15).gregorian?          #=> true
(Date.new(1582,10,15) - 1).gregorian?    #=> false
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 5330

static VALUE
d_lite_gregorian_p(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return f_boolcast(m_gregorian_p(dat));
}

#infinite?Boolean (readonly)

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/lib/date.rb', line 8

def infinite?
  false
end

#julianDate (readonly)

This method is equivalent to new_start(Date::JULIAN).

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 5485

static VALUE
d_lite_julian(VALUE self)
{
    return dup_obj_with_new_start(self, JULIAN);
}

#julian?Boolean (readonly)

Returns true if the date is before the day of calendar reform.

Date.new(1582,10,15).julian?             #=> false
(Date.new(1582,10,15) - 1).julian?       #=> true
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 5314

static VALUE
d_lite_julian_p(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return f_boolcast(m_julian_p(dat));
}

#leap?Boolean (readonly)

Returns true if the year is a leap year.

Date.new(2000).leap?      #=> true
Date.new(2001).leap?      #=> false
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 5346

static VALUE
d_lite_leap_p(VALUE self)
{
    int rjd, ns, ry, rm, rd;

    get_d1(self);
    if (m_gregorian_p(dat))
	return f_boolcast(c_gregorian_leap_p(m_year(dat)));

    c_civil_to_jd(m_year(dat), 3, 1, m_virtual_sg(dat),
		  &rjd, &ns);
    c_jd_to_civil(rjd - 1, m_virtual_sg(dat), &ry, &rm, &rd);
    return f_boolcast(rd == 29);
}

#monday?Boolean (readonly)

Returns true if the date is Monday.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 5120

static VALUE
d_lite_monday_p(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return f_boolcast(m_wday(dat) == 1);
}

#saturday?Boolean (readonly)

Returns true if the date is Saturday.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 5185

static VALUE
d_lite_saturday_p(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return f_boolcast(m_wday(dat) == 6);
}

#sunday?Boolean (readonly)

Returns true if the date is Sunday.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 5107

static VALUE
d_lite_sunday_p(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return f_boolcast(m_wday(dat) == 0);
}

#thursday?Boolean (readonly)

Returns true if the date is Thursday.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 5159

static VALUE
d_lite_thursday_p(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return f_boolcast(m_wday(dat) == 4);
}

#tuesday?Boolean (readonly)

Returns true if the date is Tuesday.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 5133

static VALUE
d_lite_tuesday_p(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return f_boolcast(m_wday(dat) == 2);
}

#wednesday?Boolean (readonly)

Returns true if the date is Wednesday.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 5146

static VALUE
d_lite_wednesday_p(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return f_boolcast(m_wday(dat) == 3);
}

Instance Method Details

#+(other) ⇒ Date

Returns a date object pointing other days after self. The other should be a numeric value. If the other is a fractional number, assumes its precision is at most nanosecond.

Date.new(2001,2,3) + 1    #=> #<Date: 2001-02-04 ...>
DateTime.new(2001,2,3) + Rational(1,2)
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T12:00:00+00:00 ...>
DateTime.new(2001,2,3) + Rational(-1,2)
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-02T12:00:00+00:00 ...>
DateTime.jd(0,12) + DateTime.new(2001,2,3).ajd
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T00:00:00+00:00 ...>
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 5565

static VALUE
d_lite_plus(VALUE self, VALUE other)
{
    int try_rational = 1;
    get_d1(self);

  again:
    switch (TYPE(other)) {
      case T_FIXNUM:
	{
	    VALUE nth;
	    long t;
	    int jd;

	    nth = m_nth(dat);
	    t = FIX2LONG(other);
	    if (DIV(t, CM_PERIOD)) {
		nth = f_add(nth, INT2FIX(DIV(t, CM_PERIOD)));
		t = MOD(t, CM_PERIOD);
	    }

	    if (!t)
		jd = m_jd(dat);
	    else {
		jd = m_jd(dat) + (int)t;
		canonicalize_jd(nth, jd);
	    }

	    if (simple_dat_p(dat))
		return d_simple_new_internal(rb_obj_class(self),
					     nth, jd,
					     dat->s.sg,
					     0, 0, 0,
					     (dat->s.flags | HAVE_JD) &
					     ~HAVE_CIVIL);
	    else
		return d_complex_new_internal(rb_obj_class(self),
					      nth, jd,
					      dat->c.df, dat->c.sf,
					      dat->c.of, dat->c.sg,
					      0, 0, 0,
#ifndef USE_PACK
					      dat->c.hour,
					      dat->c.min,
					      dat->c.sec,
#else
					      EX_HOUR(dat->c.pc),
					      EX_MIN(dat->c.pc),
					      EX_SEC(dat->c.pc),
#endif
					      (dat->c.flags | HAVE_JD) &
					      ~HAVE_CIVIL);
	}
	break;
      case T_BIGNUM:
	{
	    VALUE nth;
	    int jd, s;

	    if (f_positive_p(other))
		s = +1;
	    else {
		s = -1;
		other = f_negate(other);
	    }

	    nth = f_idiv(other, INT2FIX(CM_PERIOD));
	    jd = FIX2INT(f_mod(other, INT2FIX(CM_PERIOD)));

	    if (s < 0) {
		nth = f_negate(nth);
		jd = -jd;
	    }

	    if (!jd)
		jd = m_jd(dat);
	    else {
		jd = m_jd(dat) + jd;
		canonicalize_jd(nth, jd);
	    }

	    if (f_zero_p(nth))
		nth = m_nth(dat);
	    else
		nth = f_add(m_nth(dat), nth);

	    if (simple_dat_p(dat))
		return d_simple_new_internal(rb_obj_class(self),
					     nth, jd,
					     dat->s.sg,
					     0, 0, 0,
					     (dat->s.flags | HAVE_JD) &
					     ~HAVE_CIVIL);
	    else
		return d_complex_new_internal(rb_obj_class(self),
					      nth, jd,
					      dat->c.df, dat->c.sf,
					      dat->c.of, dat->c.sg,
					      0, 0, 0,
#ifndef USE_PACK
					      dat->c.hour,
					      dat->c.min,
					      dat->c.sec,
#else
					      EX_HOUR(dat->c.pc),
					      EX_MIN(dat->c.pc),
					      EX_SEC(dat->c.pc),
#endif
					      (dat->c.flags | HAVE_JD) &
					      ~HAVE_CIVIL);
	}
	break;
      case T_FLOAT:
	{
	    double jd, o, tmp;
	    int s, df;
	    VALUE nth, sf;

	    o = RFLOAT_VALUE(other);

	    if (o > 0)
		s = +1;
	    else {
		s = -1;
		o = -o;
	    }

	    o = modf(o, &tmp);

	    if (!floor(tmp / CM_PERIOD)) {
		nth = INT2FIX(0);
		jd = (int)tmp;
	    }
	    else {
		double i, f;

		f = modf(tmp / CM_PERIOD, &i);
		nth = f_floor(DBL2NUM(i));
		jd = (int)(f * CM_PERIOD);
	    }

	    o *= DAY_IN_SECONDS;
	    o = modf(o, &tmp);
	    df = (int)tmp;
	    o *= SECOND_IN_NANOSECONDS;
	    sf = INT2FIX((int)round(o));

	    if (s < 0) {
		jd = -jd;
		df = -df;
		sf = f_negate(sf);
	    }

	    if (f_zero_p(sf))
		sf = m_sf(dat);
	    else {
		sf = f_add(m_sf(dat), sf);
		if (f_lt_p(sf, INT2FIX(0))) {
		    df -= 1;
		    sf = f_add(sf, INT2FIX(SECOND_IN_NANOSECONDS));
		}
		else if (f_ge_p(sf, INT2FIX(SECOND_IN_NANOSECONDS))) {
		    df += 1;
		    sf = f_sub(sf, INT2FIX(SECOND_IN_NANOSECONDS));
		}
	    }

	    if (!df)
		df = m_df(dat);
	    else {
		df = m_df(dat) + df;
		if (df < 0) {
		    jd -= 1;
		    df += DAY_IN_SECONDS;
		}
		else if (df >= DAY_IN_SECONDS) {
		    jd += 1;
		    df -= DAY_IN_SECONDS;
		}
	    }

	    if (!jd)
		jd = m_jd(dat);
	    else {
		jd = m_jd(dat) + jd;
		canonicalize_jd(nth, jd);
	    }

	    if (f_zero_p(nth))
		nth = m_nth(dat);
	    else
		nth = f_add(m_nth(dat), nth);

	    if (!df && f_zero_p(sf) && !m_of(dat))
		return d_simple_new_internal(rb_obj_class(self),
					     nth, (int)jd,
					     m_sg(dat),
					     0, 0, 0,
					     (dat->s.flags | HAVE_JD) &
					     ~(HAVE_CIVIL | HAVE_TIME |
					       COMPLEX_DAT));
	    else
		return d_complex_new_internal(rb_obj_class(self),
					      nth, (int)jd,
					      df, sf,
					      m_of(dat), m_sg(dat),
					      0, 0, 0,
					      0, 0, 0,
					      (dat->c.flags |
					       HAVE_JD | HAVE_DF) &
					      ~(HAVE_CIVIL | HAVE_TIME));
	}
	break;
      default:
	expect_numeric(other);
	other = f_to_r(other);
	if (!k_rational_p(other)) {
	    if (!try_rational) Check_Type(other, T_RATIONAL);
	    try_rational = 0;
	    goto again;
	}
	/* fall through */
      case T_RATIONAL:
	{
	    VALUE nth, sf, t;
	    int jd, df, s;

	    if (wholenum_p(other)) {
		other = rb_rational_num(other);
		goto again;
	    }

	    if (f_positive_p(other))
		s = +1;
	    else {
		s = -1;
		other = f_negate(other);
	    }

	    nth = f_idiv(other, INT2FIX(CM_PERIOD));
	    t = f_mod(other, INT2FIX(CM_PERIOD));

	    jd = FIX2INT(f_idiv(t, INT2FIX(1)));
	    t = f_mod(t, INT2FIX(1));

	    t = f_mul(t, INT2FIX(DAY_IN_SECONDS));
	    df = FIX2INT(f_idiv(t, INT2FIX(1)));
	    t = f_mod(t, INT2FIX(1));

	    sf = f_mul(t, INT2FIX(SECOND_IN_NANOSECONDS));

	    if (s < 0) {
		nth = f_negate(nth);
		jd = -jd;
		df = -df;
		sf = f_negate(sf);
	    }

	    if (f_zero_p(sf))
		sf = m_sf(dat);
	    else {
		sf = f_add(m_sf(dat), sf);
		if (f_lt_p(sf, INT2FIX(0))) {
		    df -= 1;
		    sf = f_add(sf, INT2FIX(SECOND_IN_NANOSECONDS));
		}
		else if (f_ge_p(sf, INT2FIX(SECOND_IN_NANOSECONDS))) {
		    df += 1;
		    sf = f_sub(sf, INT2FIX(SECOND_IN_NANOSECONDS));
		}
	    }

	    if (!df)
		df = m_df(dat);
	    else {
		df = m_df(dat) + df;
		if (df < 0) {
		    jd -= 1;
		    df += DAY_IN_SECONDS;
		}
		else if (df >= DAY_IN_SECONDS) {
		    jd += 1;
		    df -= DAY_IN_SECONDS;
		}
	    }

	    if (!jd)
		jd = m_jd(dat);
	    else {
		jd = m_jd(dat) + jd;
		canonicalize_jd(nth, jd);
	    }

	    if (f_zero_p(nth))
		nth = m_nth(dat);
	    else
		nth = f_add(m_nth(dat), nth);

	    if (!df && f_zero_p(sf) && !m_of(dat))
		return d_simple_new_internal(rb_obj_class(self),
					     nth, jd,
					     m_sg(dat),
					     0, 0, 0,
					     (dat->s.flags | HAVE_JD) &
					     ~(HAVE_CIVIL | HAVE_TIME |
					       COMPLEX_DAT));
	    else
		return d_complex_new_internal(rb_obj_class(self),
					      nth, jd,
					      df, sf,
					      m_of(dat), m_sg(dat),
					      0, 0, 0,
					      0, 0, 0,
					      (dat->c.flags |
					       HAVE_JD | HAVE_DF) &
					      ~(HAVE_CIVIL | HAVE_TIME));
	}
	break;
    }
}

#-(other) ⇒ Date, Rational

Returns the difference between the two dates if the other is a date object. If the other is a numeric value, returns a date object pointing other days before self. If the other is a fractional number, assumes its precision is at most nanosecond.

Date.new(2001,2,3) - 1   #=> #<Date: 2001-02-02 ...>
DateTime.new(2001,2,3) - Rational(1,2)
                         #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-02T12:00:00+00:00 ...>
Date.new(2001,2,3) - Date.new(2001)
                         #=> (33/1)
DateTime.new(2001,2,3) - DateTime.new(2001,2,2,12)
                         #=> (1/2)
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 5954

static VALUE
d_lite_minus(VALUE self, VALUE other)
{
    if (k_date_p(other))
	return minus_dd(self, other);

    switch (TYPE(other)) {
      case T_FIXNUM:
	return d_lite_plus(self, LONG2NUM(-FIX2LONG(other)));
      case T_FLOAT:
	return d_lite_plus(self, DBL2NUM(-RFLOAT_VALUE(other)));
      default:
	expect_numeric(other);
	/* fall through */
      case T_BIGNUM:
      case T_RATIONAL:
	return d_lite_plus(self, f_negate(other));
    }
}

#<<(n) ⇒ Date

Returns a date object pointing n months before self. The argument n should be a numeric value.

Date.new(2001,2,3)  <<  1   #=> #<Date: 2001-01-03 ...>
Date.new(2001,2,3)  << -2   #=> #<Date: 2001-04-03 ...>

When the same day does not exist for the corresponding month, the last day of the month is used instead:

Date.new(2001,3,28) << 1   #=> #<Date: 2001-02-28 ...>
Date.new(2001,3,31) << 1   #=> #<Date: 2001-02-28 ...>

This also results in the following, possibly unexpected, behavior:

Date.new(2001,3,31) << 2         #=> #<Date: 2001-01-31 ...>
Date.new(2001,3,31) << 1 << 1    #=> #<Date: 2001-01-28 ...>

Date.new(2001,3,31) << 1 << -1   #=> #<Date: 2001-03-28 ...>
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 6106

static VALUE
d_lite_lshift(VALUE self, VALUE other)
{
    expect_numeric(other);
    return d_lite_rshift(self, f_negate(other));
}

#<=>(other) ⇒ 1, ...

Compares the two dates and returns -1, zero, 1 or nil. The other should be a date object or a numeric value as an astronomical Julian day number.

Date.new(2001,2,3) <=> Date.new(2001,2,4)   #=> -1
Date.new(2001,2,3) <=> Date.new(2001,2,3)   #=> 0
Date.new(2001,2,3) <=> Date.new(2001,2,2)   #=> 1
Date.new(2001,2,3) <=> Object.new           #=> nil
Date.new(2001,2,3) <=> Rational(4903887,2)  #=> 0

See also Comparable.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 6378

static VALUE
d_lite_cmp(VALUE self, VALUE other)
{
    if (!k_date_p(other))
	return cmp_gen(self, other);

    {
	get_d2(self, other);

	if (!(simple_dat_p(adat) && simple_dat_p(bdat) &&
	      m_gregorian_p(adat) == m_gregorian_p(bdat)))
	    return cmp_dd(self, other);

	{
	    VALUE a_nth, b_nth;
	    int a_jd, b_jd;

	    m_canonicalize_jd(self, adat);
	    m_canonicalize_jd(other, bdat);
	    a_nth = m_nth(adat);
	    b_nth = m_nth(bdat);
	    if (f_eqeq_p(a_nth, b_nth)) {
		a_jd = m_jd(adat);
		b_jd = m_jd(bdat);
		if (a_jd == b_jd) {
		    return INT2FIX(0);
		}
		else if (a_jd < b_jd) {
		    return INT2FIX(-1);
		}
		else {
		    return INT2FIX(1);
		}
	    }
	    else if (f_lt_p(a_nth, b_nth)) {
		return INT2FIX(-1);
	    }
	    else {
		return INT2FIX(1);
	    }
	}
    }
}

#===(other) ⇒ Boolean

Returns true if they are the same day.

Date.new(2001,2,3) === Date.new(2001,2,3)
                                  #=> true
Date.new(2001,2,3) === Date.new(2001,2,4)
                                  #=> false
DateTime.new(2001,2,3) === DateTime.new(2001,2,3,12)
                                  #=> true
DateTime.new(2001,2,3) === DateTime.new(2001,2,3,0,0,0,'+24:00')
                                  #=> true
DateTime.new(2001,2,3) === DateTime.new(2001,2,4,0,0,0,'+24:00')
                                  #=> false
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 6451

static VALUE
d_lite_equal(VALUE self, VALUE other)
{
    if (!k_date_p(other))
	return equal_gen(self, other);

    {
	get_d2(self, other);

	if (!(m_gregorian_p(adat) == m_gregorian_p(bdat)))
	    return equal_gen(self, other);

	{
	    VALUE a_nth, b_nth;
	    int a_jd, b_jd;

	    m_canonicalize_jd(self, adat);
	    m_canonicalize_jd(other, bdat);
	    a_nth = m_nth(adat);
	    b_nth = m_nth(bdat);
	    a_jd = m_local_jd(adat);
	    b_jd = m_local_jd(bdat);
	    if (f_eqeq_p(a_nth, b_nth) &&
		a_jd == b_jd)
		return Qtrue;
	    return Qfalse;
	}
    }
}

#>>(n) ⇒ Date

Returns a date object pointing n months after self. The argument n should be a numeric value.

Date.new(2001,2,3)  >>  1   #=> #<Date: 2001-03-03 ...>
Date.new(2001,2,3)  >> -2   #=> #<Date: 2000-12-03 ...>

When the same day does not exist for the corresponding month, the last day of the month is used instead:

Date.new(2001,1,28) >> 1   #=> #<Date: 2001-02-28 ...>
Date.new(2001,1,31) >> 1   #=> #<Date: 2001-02-28 ...>

This also results in the following, possibly unexpected, behavior:

Date.new(2001,1,31) >> 2         #=> #<Date: 2001-03-31 ...>
Date.new(2001,1,31) >> 1 >> 1    #=> #<Date: 2001-03-28 ...>

Date.new(2001,1,31) >> 1 >> -1   #=> #<Date: 2001-01-28 ...>
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 6044

static VALUE
d_lite_rshift(VALUE self, VALUE other)
{
    VALUE t, y, nth, rjd2;
    int m, d, rjd;
    double sg;

    get_d1(self);
    t = f_add3(f_mul(m_real_year(dat), INT2FIX(12)),
	       INT2FIX(m_mon(dat) - 1),
	       other);
    if (FIXNUM_P(t)) {
	long it = FIX2LONG(t);
	y = LONG2NUM(DIV(it, 12));
	it = MOD(it, 12);
	m = (int)it + 1;
    }
    else {
	y = f_idiv(t, INT2FIX(12));
	t = f_mod(t, INT2FIX(12));
	m = FIX2INT(t) + 1;
    }
    d = m_mday(dat);
    sg = m_sg(dat);

    while (1) {
	int ry, rm, rd, ns;

	if (valid_civil_p(y, m, d, sg,
			  &nth, &ry,
			  &rm, &rd, &rjd, &ns))
	    break;
	if (--d < 1)
	    rb_raise(eDateError, "invalid date");
    }
    encode_jd(nth, rjd, &rjd2);
    return d_lite_plus(self, f_sub(rjd2, m_real_local_jd(dat)));
}

#ajdRational

Returns the astronomical Julian day number. This is a fractional number, which is not adjusted by the offset.

DateTime.new(2001,2,3,4,5,6,'+7').ajd     #=> (11769328217/4800)
DateTime.new(2001,2,2,14,5,6,'-7').ajd    #=> (11769328217/4800)
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 4870

static VALUE
d_lite_ajd(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return m_ajd(dat);
}

#amjdRational

Returns the astronomical modified Julian day number. This is a fractional number, which is not adjusted by the offset.

DateTime.new(2001,2,3,4,5,6,'+7').amjd    #=> (249325817/4800)
DateTime.new(2001,2,2,14,5,6,'-7').amjd   #=> (249325817/4800)
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 4887

static VALUE
d_lite_amjd(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return m_amjd(dat);
}

#asctimeString #ctimeString

Alias for #ctime.

#asctimeString #ctimeString
Also known as: #asctime

Returns a string in asctime(3) format (but without “n0” at the end). This method is equivalent to strftime('%c').

See also asctime(3) or ctime(3).

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 6994

static VALUE
d_lite_asctime(VALUE self)
{
    return strftimev("%a %b %e %H:%M:%S %Y", self, set_tmx);
}

#cwdayFixnum

Returns the day of calendar week (1-7, Monday is 1).

Date.new(2001,2,3).cwday          #=> 6
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 5063

static VALUE
d_lite_cwday(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return INT2FIX(m_cwday(dat));
}

#cweekFixnum

Returns the calendar week number (1-53).

Date.new(2001,2,3).cweek          #=> 5
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 5048

static VALUE
d_lite_cweek(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return INT2FIX(m_cweek(dat));
}

#cwyearInteger

Returns the calendar week based year.

Date.new(2001,2,3).cwyear         #=> 2001
Date.new(2000,1,1).cwyear         #=> 1999
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 5033

static VALUE
d_lite_cwyear(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return m_real_cwyear(dat);
}

#mdayFixnum #dayFixnum
Also known as: #mday

Returns the day of the month (1-31).

Date.new(2001,2,3).mday           #=> 3
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 5000

static VALUE
d_lite_mday(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return INT2FIX(m_mday(dat));
}

#day_fractionRational

Returns the fractional part of the day.

DateTime.new(2001,2,3,12).day_fraction    #=> (1/2)
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 5015

static VALUE
d_lite_day_fraction(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    if (simple_dat_p(dat))
	return INT2FIX(0);
    return m_fr(dat);
}

#downto(min) ⇒ Enumerator #downto(min) {|date| ... } ⇒ self

This method is equivalent to step(min, -1){|date| …}.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 6278

static VALUE
d_lite_downto(VALUE self, VALUE min)
{
    VALUE date;

    RETURN_ENUMERATOR(self, 1, &min);

    date = self;
    while (FIX2INT(d_lite_cmp(date, min)) >= 0) {
	rb_yield(date);
	date = d_lite_plus(date, INT2FIX(-1));
    }
    return self;
}

#englandDate

This method is equivalent to new_start(Date::ENGLAND).

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 5473

static VALUE
d_lite_england(VALUE self)
{
    return dup_obj_with_new_start(self, ENGLAND);
}

#eql?(other) ⇒ Boolean

This method is for internal use only.
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 6482

static VALUE
d_lite_eql_p(VALUE self, VALUE other)
{
    if (!k_date_p(other))
	return Qfalse;
    return f_zero_p(d_lite_cmp(self, other));
}

#fill

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 4841

static VALUE
d_lite_fill(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);

    if (simple_dat_p(dat)) {
	get_s_jd(dat);
	get_s_civil(dat);
    }
    else {
	get_c_jd(dat);
	get_c_civil(dat);
	get_c_df(dat);
	get_c_time(dat);
    }
    return self;
}

#hash

This method is for internal use only.
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 6491

static VALUE
d_lite_hash(VALUE self)
{
    st_index_t v, h[4];

    get_d1(self);
    h[0] = m_nth(dat);
    h[1] = m_jd(dat);
    h[2] = m_df(dat);
    h[3] = m_sf(dat);
    v = rb_memhash(h, sizeof(h));
    return ST2FIX(v);
}

#hour (private)

Alias for #min.

#httpdateString

This method is equivalent to strftime('%a, %d %b %Y %T GMT'). See also RFC 2616.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 7045

static VALUE
d_lite_httpdate(VALUE self)
{
    volatile VALUE dup = dup_obj_with_new_offset(self, 0);
    return strftimev("%a, %d %b %Y %T GMT", dup, set_tmx);
}

#initialize_copy(date)

This method is for internal use only.
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 4796

static VALUE
d_lite_initialize_copy(VALUE copy, VALUE date)
{
    rb_check_frozen(copy);

    if (copy == date)
	return copy;
    {
	get_d2(copy, date);
	if (simple_dat_p(bdat)) {
	    if (simple_dat_p(adat)) {
		adat->s = bdat->s;
	    }
	    else {
		adat->c.flags = bdat->s.flags | COMPLEX_DAT;
		adat->c.nth = bdat->s.nth;
		adat->c.jd = bdat->s.jd;
		adat->c.df = 0;
		adat->c.sf = INT2FIX(0);
		adat->c.of = 0;
		adat->c.sg = bdat->s.sg;
		adat->c.year = bdat->s.year;
#ifndef USE_PACK
		adat->c.mon = bdat->s.mon;
		adat->c.mday = bdat->s.mday;
		adat->c.hour = bdat->s.hour;
		adat->c.min = bdat->s.min;
		adat->c.sec = bdat->s.sec;
#else
		adat->c.pc = bdat->s.pc;
#endif
	    }
	}
	else {
	    if (!complex_dat_p(adat))
		rb_raise(rb_eArgError,
			 "cannot load complex into simple");

	    adat->c = bdat->c;
	}
    }
    return copy;
}

#inspectString

Returns the value as a string for inspection.

Date.new(2001,2,3).inspect
          #=> "#<Date: 2001-02-03>"
DateTime.new(2001,2,3,4,5,6,'-7').inspect
          #=> "#<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06-07:00>"
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 6605

static VALUE
d_lite_inspect(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return mk_inspect(dat, rb_obj_class(self), self);
}

#inspect_raw

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 6575

static VALUE
d_lite_inspect_raw(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return mk_inspect_raw(dat, rb_obj_class(self));
}

#iso8601String #xmlschemaString
Also known as: #xmlschema

This method is equivalent to strftime('%F').

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 7007

static VALUE
d_lite_iso8601(VALUE self)
{
    return strftimev("%Y-%m-%d", self, set_tmx);
}

#italyDate

This method is equivalent to new_start(Date::ITALY).

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 5461

static VALUE
d_lite_italy(VALUE self)
{
    return dup_obj_with_new_start(self, ITALY);
}

#jdInteger

Returns the Julian day number. This is a whole number, which is adjusted by the offset as the local time.

DateTime.new(2001,2,3,4,5,6,'+7').jd      #=> 2451944
DateTime.new(2001,2,3,4,5,6,'-7').jd      #=> 2451944
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 4904

static VALUE
d_lite_jd(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return m_real_local_jd(dat);
}

#jisx0301String

Returns a string in a JIS X 0301 format.

Date.new(2001,2,3).jisx0301       #=> "H13.02.03"
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 7100

static VALUE
d_lite_jisx0301(VALUE self)
{
    char fmtbuf[JISX0301_DATE_SIZE];
    const char *fmt;

    get_d1(self);
    fmt = jisx0301_date_format(fmtbuf, sizeof(fmtbuf),
			       m_real_local_jd(dat),
			       m_real_year(dat));
    return strftimev(fmt, self, set_tmx);
}

#ldInteger

Returns the Lilian day number. This is a whole number, which is adjusted by the offset as the local time.

Date.new(2001,2,3).ld            #=> 152784
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 4937

static VALUE
d_lite_ld(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return f_sub(m_real_local_jd(dat), INT2FIX(2299160));
}

#marshal_dump

This method is for internal use only.
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 7136

static VALUE
d_lite_marshal_dump(VALUE self)
{
    VALUE a;

    get_d1(self);

    a = rb_ary_new3(6,
		    m_nth(dat),
		    INT2FIX(m_jd(dat)),
		    INT2FIX(m_df(dat)),
		    m_sf(dat),
		    INT2FIX(m_of(dat)),
		    DBL2NUM(m_sg(dat)));

    if (FL_TEST(self, FL_EXIVAR)) {
	rb_copy_generic_ivar(a, self);
	FL_SET(a, FL_EXIVAR);
    }

    return a;
}

#marshal_dump_old

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 7114

static VALUE
d_lite_marshal_dump_old(VALUE self)
{
    VALUE a;

    get_d1(self);

    a = rb_ary_new3(3,
		    m_ajd(dat),
		    m_of_in_day(dat),
		    DBL2NUM(m_sg(dat)));

    if (FL_TEST(self, FL_EXIVAR)) {
	rb_copy_generic_ivar(a, self);
	FL_SET(a, FL_EXIVAR);
    }

    return a;
}

#marshal_load(a)

This method is for internal use only.
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 7160

static VALUE
d_lite_marshal_load(VALUE self, VALUE a)
{
    VALUE nth, sf;
    int jd, df, of;
    double sg;

    get_d1(self);

    rb_check_frozen(self);

    if (!RB_TYPE_P(a, T_ARRAY))
	rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "expected an array");

    switch (RARRAY_LEN(a)) {
      case 2: /* 1.6.x */
      case 3: /* 1.8.x, 1.9.2 */
	{
	    VALUE ajd, vof, vsg;

	    if  (RARRAY_LEN(a) == 2) {
		ajd = f_sub(RARRAY_AREF(a, 0), half_days_in_day);
		vof = INT2FIX(0);
		vsg = RARRAY_AREF(a, 1);
		if (!k_numeric_p(vsg))
		    vsg = DBL2NUM(RTEST(vsg) ? GREGORIAN : JULIAN);
	    }
	    else {
		ajd = RARRAY_AREF(a, 0);
		vof = RARRAY_AREF(a, 1);
		vsg = RARRAY_AREF(a, 2);
	    }

	    old_to_new(ajd, vof, vsg,
		       &nth, &jd, &df, &sf, &of, &sg);
	}
	break;
      case 6:
	{
	    nth = RARRAY_AREF(a, 0);
	    jd = NUM2INT(RARRAY_AREF(a, 1));
	    df = NUM2INT(RARRAY_AREF(a, 2));
	    sf = RARRAY_AREF(a, 3);
	    of = NUM2INT(RARRAY_AREF(a, 4));
	    sg = NUM2DBL(RARRAY_AREF(a, 5));
	}
	break;
      default:
	rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "invalid size");
	break;
    }

    if (simple_dat_p(dat)) {
	if (df || !f_zero_p(sf) || of) {
	    /* loading a fractional date; promote to complex */
	    dat = ruby_xrealloc(dat, sizeof(struct ComplexDateData));
	    RTYPEDDATA(self)->data = dat;
	    goto complex_data;
	}
	set_to_simple(self, &dat->s, nth, jd, sg, 0, 0, 0, HAVE_JD);
    } else {
      complex_data:
	set_to_complex(self, &dat->c, nth, jd, df, sf, of, sg,
		       0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
		       HAVE_JD | HAVE_DF);
    }

    if (FL_TEST(a, FL_EXIVAR)) {
	rb_copy_generic_ivar(self, a);
	FL_SET(self, FL_EXIVAR);
    }

    return self;
}

#mdayFixnum #dayFixnum

Alias for #day.

#min (private) Also known as: #hour, #minute, #sec, #second

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 9110

static VALUE
d_lite_zero(VALUE x)
{
    return INT2FIX(0);
}

#minute (private)

Alias for #min.

#mjdInteger

Returns the modified Julian day number. This is a whole number, which is adjusted by the offset as the local time.

DateTime.new(2001,2,3,4,5,6,'+7').mjd     #=> 51943
DateTime.new(2001,2,3,4,5,6,'-7').mjd     #=> 51943
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 4921

static VALUE
d_lite_mjd(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return f_sub(m_real_local_jd(dat), INT2FIX(2400001));
}

#monFixnum #monthFixnum
Also known as: #month

Returns the month (1-12).

Date.new(2001,2,3).mon            #=> 2
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 4984

static VALUE
d_lite_mon(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return INT2FIX(m_mon(dat));
}

#monFixnum #monthFixnum

Alias for #mon.

#new_start([start = Date::ITALY]) ⇒ Date

Duplicates self and resets its day of calendar reform.

d = Date.new(1582,10,15)
d.new_start(Date::JULIAN)         #=> #<Date: 1582-10-05 ...>
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 5440

static VALUE
d_lite_new_start(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE vsg;
    double sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", &vsg);

    sg = DEFAULT_SG;
    if (argc >= 1)
	val2sg(vsg, sg);

    return dup_obj_with_new_start(self, sg);
}

#succDate #nextDate
Also known as: #succ

Returns a date object denoting the following day.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 6015

static VALUE
d_lite_next(VALUE self)
{
    return d_lite_next_day(0, (VALUE *)NULL, self);
}

#next_day([n = 1]) ⇒ Date

This method is equivalent to d + n.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 5980

static VALUE
d_lite_next_day(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE n;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", &n);
    if (argc < 1)
	n = INT2FIX(1);
    return d_lite_plus(self, n);
}

#next_month([n = 1]) ⇒ Date

This method is equivalent to d >> n.

See #>> for examples.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 6121

static VALUE
d_lite_next_month(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE n;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", &n);
    if (argc < 1)
	n = INT2FIX(1);
    return d_lite_rshift(self, n);
}

#next_year([n = 1]) ⇒ Date

This method is equivalent to d >> (n * 12).

Date.new(2001,2,3).next_year      #=> #<Date: 2002-02-03 ...>
Date.new(2008,2,29).next_year     #=> #<Date: 2009-02-28 ...>
Date.new(2008,2,29).next_year(4)  #=> #<Date: 2012-02-29 ...>

See also #>>.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 6163

static VALUE
d_lite_next_year(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE n;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", &n);
    if (argc < 1)
	n = INT2FIX(1);
    return d_lite_rshift(self, f_mul(n, INT2FIX(12)));
}

#nth_kday?(n, k) ⇒ Boolean

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 5193

static VALUE
d_lite_nth_kday_p(VALUE self, VALUE n, VALUE k)
{
    int rjd, ns;

    get_d1(self);

    if (NUM2INT(k) != m_wday(dat))
	return Qfalse;

    c_nth_kday_to_jd(m_year(dat), m_mon(dat),
		     NUM2INT(n), NUM2INT(k), m_virtual_sg(dat), /* !=m_sg() */
		     &rjd, &ns);
    if (m_local_jd(dat) != rjd)
	return Qfalse;
    return Qtrue;
}

#prev_day([n = 1]) ⇒ Date

This method is equivalent to d - n.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 5997

static VALUE
d_lite_prev_day(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE n;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", &n);
    if (argc < 1)
	n = INT2FIX(1);
    return d_lite_minus(self, n);
}

#prev_month([n = 1]) ⇒ Date

This method is equivalent to d << n.

See #<< for examples.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 6140

static VALUE
d_lite_prev_month(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE n;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", &n);
    if (argc < 1)
	n = INT2FIX(1);
    return d_lite_lshift(self, n);
}

#prev_year([n = 1]) ⇒ Date

This method is equivalent to d << (n * 12).

Date.new(2001,2,3).prev_year      #=> #<Date: 2000-02-03 ...>
Date.new(2008,2,29).prev_year     #=> #<Date: 2007-02-28 ...>
Date.new(2008,2,29).prev_year(4)  #=> #<Date: 2004-02-29 ...>

See also #<<.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 6186

static VALUE
d_lite_prev_year(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE n;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", &n);
    if (argc < 1)
	n = INT2FIX(1);
    return d_lite_lshift(self, f_mul(n, INT2FIX(12)));
}

#rfc2822String #rfc822String

Alias for #rfc822.

#rfc3339String

This method is equivalent to strftime('%FT%T%:z').

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 7019

static VALUE
d_lite_rfc3339(VALUE self)
{
    return strftimev("%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%S%:z", self, set_tmx);
}

#rfc2822String #rfc822String
Also known as: #rfc2822

This method is equivalent to strftime('%a, %-d %b %Y %T %z').

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 7032

static VALUE
d_lite_rfc2822(VALUE self)
{
    return strftimev("%a, %-d %b %Y %T %z", self, set_tmx);
}

#sec (private)

Alias for #min.

#second (private)

Alias for #min.

#startFloat

Returns the Julian day number denoting the day of calendar reform.

Date.new(2001,2,3).start                  #=> 2299161.0
Date.new(2001,2,3,Date::GREGORIAN).start  #=> -Infinity
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 5370

static VALUE
d_lite_start(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return DBL2NUM(m_sg(dat));
}

#step(limit[, step=1]) ⇒ Enumerator #step(limit[, step=1]) {|date| ... } ⇒ self

Iterates evaluation of the given block, which takes a date object. The limit should be a date object.

Date.new(2001).step(Date.new(2001,-1,-1)).select{|d| d.sunday?}.size
                          #=> 52
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 6210

static VALUE
d_lite_step(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE limit, step, date;
    int c;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "11", &limit, &step);

    if (argc < 2)
	step = INT2FIX(1);

#if 0
    if (f_zero_p(step))
	rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "step can't be 0");
#endif

    RETURN_ENUMERATOR(self, argc, argv);

    date = self;
    c = f_cmp(step, INT2FIX(0));
    if (c < 0) {
	while (FIX2INT(d_lite_cmp(date, limit)) >= 0) {
	    rb_yield(date);
	    date = d_lite_plus(date, step);
	}
    }
    else if (c == 0) {
	while (1)
	    rb_yield(date);
    }
    else /* if (c > 0) */ {
	while (FIX2INT(d_lite_cmp(date, limit)) <= 0) {
	    rb_yield(date);
	    date = d_lite_plus(date, step);
	}
    }
    return self;
}

#strftime([format = '%F']) ⇒ String

Formats date according to the directives in the given format string. The directives begin with a percent (%) character. Any text not listed as a directive will be passed through to the output string.

A directive consists of a percent (%) character, zero or more flags, an optional minimum field width, an optional modifier, and a conversion specifier as follows.

%<flags><width><modifier><conversion>

Flags:

-  don't pad a numerical output.
_  use spaces for padding.
0  use zeros for padding.
^  upcase the result string.
#  change case.

The minimum field width specifies the minimum width.

The modifiers are “E”, “O”, “:”, “::” and “:::”. “E” and “O” are ignored. No effect to result currently.

Format directives:

Date (Year, Month, Day):
  %Y - Year with century (can be negative, 4 digits at least)
          -0001, 0000, 1995, 2009, 14292, etc.
  %C - year / 100 (round down.  20 in 2009)
  %y - year % 100 (00..99)

  %m - Month of the year, zero-padded (01..12)
          %_m  blank-padded ( 1..12)
          %-m  no-padded (1..12)
  %B - The full month name (``January'')
          %^B  uppercased (``JANUARY'')
  %b - The abbreviated month name (``Jan'')
          %^b  uppercased (``JAN'')
  %h - Equivalent to %b

  %d - Day of the month, zero-padded (01..31)
          %-d  no-padded (1..31)
  %e - Day of the month, blank-padded ( 1..31)

  %j - Day of the year (001..366)

Time (Hour, Minute, Second, Subsecond):
  %H - Hour of the day, 24-hour clock, zero-padded (00..23)
  %k - Hour of the day, 24-hour clock, blank-padded ( 0..23)
  %I - Hour of the day, 12-hour clock, zero-padded (01..12)
  %l - Hour of the day, 12-hour clock, blank-padded ( 1..12)
  %P - Meridian indicator, lowercase (``am'' or ``pm'')
  %p - Meridian indicator, uppercase (``AM'' or ``PM'')

  %M - Minute of the hour (00..59)

  %S - Second of the minute (00..60)

  %L - Millisecond of the second (000..999)
  %N - Fractional seconds digits, default is 9 digits (nanosecond)
          %3N  millisecond (3 digits)   %15N femtosecond (15 digits)
          %6N  microsecond (6 digits)   %18N attosecond  (18 digits)
          %9N  nanosecond  (9 digits)   %21N zeptosecond (21 digits)
          %12N picosecond (12 digits)   %24N yoctosecond (24 digits)

Time zone:
  %z - Time zone as hour and minute offset from UTC (e.g. +0900)
          %:z - hour and minute offset from UTC with a colon (e.g. +09:00)
          %::z - hour, minute and second offset from UTC (e.g. +09:00:00)
          %:::z - hour, minute and second offset from UTC
                                            (e.g. +09, +09:30, +09:30:30)
  %Z - Equivalent to %:z (e.g. +09:00)

Weekday:
  %A - The full weekday name (``Sunday'')
          %^A  uppercased (``SUNDAY'')
  %a - The abbreviated name (``Sun'')
          %^a  uppercased (``SUN'')
  %u - Day of the week (Monday is 1, 1..7)
  %w - Day of the week (Sunday is 0, 0..6)

ISO 8601 week-based year and week number:
The week 1 of YYYY starts with a Monday and includes YYYY-01-04.
The days in the year before the first week are in the last week of
the previous year.
  %G - The week-based year
  %g - The last 2 digits of the week-based year (00..99)
  %V - Week number of the week-based year (01..53)

Week number:
The week 1 of YYYY starts with a Sunday or Monday (according to %U
or %W).  The days in the year before the first week are in week 0.
  %U - Week number of the year.  The week starts with Sunday.  (00..53)
  %W - Week number of the year.  The week starts with Monday.  (00..53)

Seconds since the Unix Epoch:
  %s - Number of seconds since 1970-01-01 00:00:00 UTC.
  %Q - Number of milliseconds since 1970-01-01 00:00:00 UTC.

Literal string:
  %n - Newline character (\n)
  %t - Tab character (\t)
  %% - Literal ``%'' character

Combination:
  %c - date and time (%a %b %e %T %Y)
  %D - Date (%m/%d/%y)
  %F - The ISO 8601 date format (%Y-%m-%d)
  %v - VMS date (%e-%b-%Y)
  %x - Same as %D
  %X - Same as %T
  %r - 12-hour time (%I:%M:%S %p)
  %R - 24-hour time (%H:%M)
  %T - 24-hour time (%H:%M:%S)
  %+ - date(1) (%a %b %e %H:%M:%S %Z %Y)

This method is similar to the strftime() function defined in ISO C and POSIX. Several directives (%a, %A, %b, %B, %c, %p, %r, %x, %X, %E*, %O* and %Z) are locale dependent in the function. However, this method is locale independent. So, the result may differ even if the same format string is used in other systems such as C. It is good practice to avoid %x and %X because there are corresponding locale independent representations, %D and %T.

Examples:

d = DateTime.new(2007,11,19,8,37,48,"-06:00")
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2007-11-19T08:37:48-0600 ...>
d.strftime("Printed on %m/%d/%Y")   #=> "Printed on 11/19/2007"
d.strftime("at %I:%M%p")            #=> "at 08:37AM"

Various ISO 8601 formats:

%Y%m%d           => 20071119                  Calendar date (basic)
%F               => 2007-11-19                Calendar date (extended)
%Y-%m            => 2007-11                   Calendar date, reduced accuracy, specific month
%Y               => 2007                      Calendar date, reduced accuracy, specific year
%C               => 20                        Calendar date, reduced accuracy, specific century
%Y%j             => 2007323                   Ordinal date (basic)
%Y-%j            => 2007-323                  Ordinal date (extended)
%GW%V%u          => 2007W471                  Week date (basic)
%G-W%V-%u        => 2007-W47-1                Week date (extended)
%GW%V            => 2007W47                   Week date, reduced accuracy, specific week (basic)
%G-W%V           => 2007-W47                  Week date, reduced accuracy, specific week (extended)
%H%M%S           => 083748                    Local time (basic)
%T               => 08:37:48                  Local time (extended)
%H%M             => 0837                      Local time, reduced accuracy, specific minute (basic)
%H:%M            => 08:37                     Local time, reduced accuracy, specific minute (extended)
%H               => 08                        Local time, reduced accuracy, specific hour
%H%M%S,%L        => 083748,000                Local time with decimal fraction, comma as decimal sign (basic)
%T,%L            => 08:37:48,000              Local time with decimal fraction, comma as decimal sign (extended)
%H%M%S.%L        => 083748.000                Local time with decimal fraction, full stop as decimal sign (basic)
%T.%L            => 08:37:48.000              Local time with decimal fraction, full stop as decimal sign (extended)
%H%M%S%z         => 083748-0600               Local time and the difference from UTC (basic)
%T%:z            => 08:37:48-06:00            Local time and the difference from UTC (extended)
%Y%m%dT%H%M%S%z  => 20071119T083748-0600      Date and time of day for calendar date (basic)
%FT%T%:z         => 2007-11-19T08:37:48-06:00 Date and time of day for calendar date (extended)
%Y%jT%H%M%S%z    => 2007323T083748-0600       Date and time of day for ordinal date (basic)
%Y-%jT%T%:z      => 2007-323T08:37:48-06:00   Date and time of day for ordinal date (extended)
%GW%V%uT%H%M%S%z => 2007W471T083748-0600      Date and time of day for week date (basic)
%G-W%V-%uT%T%:z  => 2007-W47-1T08:37:48-06:00 Date and time of day for week date (extended)
%Y%m%dT%H%M      => 20071119T0837             Calendar date and local time (basic)
%FT%R            => 2007-11-19T08:37          Calendar date and local time (extended)
%Y%jT%H%MZ       => 2007323T0837Z             Ordinal date and UTC of day (basic)
%Y-%jT%RZ        => 2007-323T08:37Z           Ordinal date and UTC of day (extended)
%GW%V%uT%H%M%z   => 2007W471T0837-0600        Week date and local time and difference from UTC (basic)
%G-W%V-%uT%R%:z  => 2007-W47-1T08:37-06:00    Week date and local time and difference from UTC (extended)

See also strftime(3) and .strptime.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 6960

static VALUE
d_lite_strftime(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    return date_strftime_internal(argc, argv, self,
				  "%Y-%m-%d", set_tmx);
}

#succDate #nextDate

Alias for #next.

#to_dateself

Returns self.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 8645

static VALUE
date_to_date(VALUE self)
{
    return self;
}

#to_datetimeDate

Returns a ::Time object which denotes self.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 8657

static VALUE
date_to_datetime(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1a(self);

    if (simple_dat_p(adat)) {
	VALUE new = d_lite_s_alloc_simple(cDateTime);
	{
	    get_d1b(new);
	    bdat->s = adat->s;
	    return new;
	}
    }
    else {
	VALUE new = d_lite_s_alloc_complex(cDateTime);
	{
	    get_d1b(new);
	    bdat->c = adat->c;
	    bdat->c.df = 0;
	    RB_OBJ_WRITE(new, &bdat->c.sf, INT2FIX(0));
#ifndef USE_PACK
	    bdat->c.hour = 0;
	    bdat->c.min = 0;
	    bdat->c.sec = 0;
#else
	    bdat->c.pc = PACK5(EX_MON(adat->c.pc), EX_MDAY(adat->c.pc),
			       0, 0, 0);
	    bdat->c.flags |= HAVE_DF | HAVE_TIME;
#endif
	    return new;
	}
    }
}

#to_sString

Returns a string in an ISO 8601 format. (This method doesn't use the expanded representations.)

Date.new(2001,2,3).to_s  #=> "2001-02-03"
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 6519

static VALUE
d_lite_to_s(VALUE self)
{
    return strftimev("%Y-%m-%d", self, set_tmx);
}

#to_timeTime

Returns a ::Time object which denotes self. If self is a julian date, convert it to a gregorian date before converting it to ::Time.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 8622

static VALUE
date_to_time(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1a(self);

    if (m_julian_p(adat)) {
        VALUE tmp = d_lite_gregorian(self);
        get_d1b(tmp);
        adat = bdat;
    }

    return f_local3(rb_cTime,
        m_real_year(adat),
        INT2FIX(m_mon(adat)),
        INT2FIX(m_mday(adat)));
}

#upto(max) ⇒ Enumerator #upto(max) {|date| ... } ⇒ self

This method is equivalent to step(max, 1){|date| …}.

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 6256

static VALUE
d_lite_upto(VALUE self, VALUE max)
{
    VALUE date;

    RETURN_ENUMERATOR(self, 1, &max);

    date = self;
    while (FIX2INT(d_lite_cmp(date, max)) <= 0) {
	rb_yield(date);
	date = d_lite_plus(date, INT2FIX(1));
    }
    return self;
}

#wdayFixnum

Returns the day of week (0-6, Sunday is zero).

Date.new(2001,2,3).wday           #=> 6
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 5094

static VALUE
d_lite_wday(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return INT2FIX(m_wday(dat));
}

#wnum0 (private)

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 5071

static VALUE
d_lite_wnum0(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return INT2FIX(m_wnum0(dat));
}

#wnum1 (private)

[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 5078

static VALUE
d_lite_wnum1(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return INT2FIX(m_wnum1(dat));
}

#iso8601String #xmlschemaString

Alias for #iso8601.

#ydayFixnum

Returns the day of the year (1-366).

Date.new(2001,2,3).yday           #=> 34
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 4968

static VALUE
d_lite_yday(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return INT2FIX(m_yday(dat));
}

#yearInteger

Returns the year.

Date.new(2001,2,3).year           #=> 2001
(Date.new(1,1,1) - 1).year        #=> 0
[ GitHub ]

  
# File 'ext/date/date_core.c', line 4953

static VALUE
d_lite_year(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return m_real_year(dat);
}