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The unix signal is a method of sending messages between processes). When a signal is sent, the operating system interrupts the target process's normal flow of execution. There are standard signals that are used to stop a process but there are also custom signals that can be used for other purposes. This document is an attempt to list all supported signals that Puma will respond to. In general, signals need only be sent to the master process of a cluster.

Sending Signals

If you are new to signals it can be useful to see how they can be used. When a process is created in a *nix like operating system it will have a PID - or process identifier that can be used to send signals to the process. For demonstration we will create an infinitely running process by tailing a file:

$ echo "foo" >> my.log
$ irb
> pid = Process.spawn 'tail -f my.log'

From here we can see that the tail process is running by using the ps command:

$ ps aux | grep tail
schneems        87152   0.0  0.0  2432772    492 s032  S+   12:46PM   0:00.00 tail -f my.log

You can send a signal in Ruby using the Process module:

$ irb
> puts pid
#=> 87152
Process.detach(pid) # https://ruby-doc.org/core-2.1.1/Process.html#method-c-detach
Process.kill("TERM", pid)

Now you will see via ps that there is no more tail process. Sometimes when referring to signals the SIG prefix will be used for instance SIGTERM is equivalent to sending TERM via Process.kill.

Puma Signals

Puma cluster responds to these signals:

Callbacks order in case of different signals

Start application

puma configuration file reloaded, if there is one
* Pruning Bundler environment
puma configuration file reloaded, if there is one

before_fork
on_worker_fork
after_worker_fork

Gemfile in context

on_worker_boot

Code of the app is loaded and running

Send USR2

on_worker_shutdown
on_restart

puma configuration file reloaded, if there is one

before_fork
on_worker_fork
after_worker_fork

Gemfile in context

on_worker_boot

Code of the app is loaded and running

Send USR1

on_worker_shutdown
on_worker_fork
after_worker_fork

Gemfile in context

on_worker_boot

Code of the app is loaded and running